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PESTICIDES   AND   HUMAN HEALTH

Rizwana Khanum

III  BSc [CBZ]sec B

G.F.G.C Tumkur

rizwanakhanum1998@gmail.com

7975733606

 

INTRODUTION ABOUT PESTICIDES

A pesticide is any substance used to kill, repel or control certain forms of or animal life that are considered to be pests…because of the wide spread use of agricultural chemicals in food production, people are exposed to low levels of pesticides residues through their diets. People  may  also be exposed to pesticides used in a variety of settings including homes, schools,  hospitals and workplaces.

TYPES OF PESTICIDES

  1. INSECTICIDES; A substances that is used for kill insects. Ex. DDT, BHC .
  2. HERBICIDES; A  substances that is toxic to plants used to destroy unwanted vegetation. Ex.glufosinate ammonium.
  3. RODENTICIDES; A poison used to kill rodents. Ex.warfarin bromodiolone.
  4. BACTERICIDES;A substance which kills bacteria. Ex.monobactams.
  5. FUNGICIDES;A  chemical that destroys fungus. Ex. captan,sulfur and mancozeb.
  6. LARICIDES; A substance used to kill larvae .Ex; pre-strike granules.

HEALTH EFFCTS OF PESTICIDES

ACUTE EFFCTS; acute health problems may occur in workers that handle pesticides; Such as abdominal pain, Dizziness, Headaches ,Nausea, Vomiting as well as skin and eye problems. Pyrethrums insectides commonly used in common bug killer, can cause a potentially deadly condition if breathed in.

LONG TERM EFFECTS

CANCER; Many studies have examined the effects of pesticides exposure on the risk of cancer association have been found with ;Leukemia ,kidney ,prostate, liver & lungs. A mothers occupational exposure to pesticides during pregnancy is associated with in an increases in   risk of leukemia , brain cancer etc.

PESTICIDES;HITTING YOU ALL OVER

  • Endosulfan T:  DNA mutation, hormone disorders.
  • Heptachlor:  Nervous system and liver damage. 
  • Quinalphos:  Retard development of reproductive organs.
  • Aldrin: cancer,infertility.
  • Chlorofenvinfos: developmental,reproductive.
  • Chlorodane: lungs,liver,eyes,kidneys.
  • DDT: cancer,infertility.

CONCLUSION

 Pesticides may be endocrine disrupting compounds and can cause a range of health problems including cancer,  affects immune system ,behavioral problems, and adverse effects on new born. etc

 

House hold exposures may be more important and greater effects than outdoor exposure..

Action needs to be taken to drastically reduce exposure to household pesticides.

Lets make our country a healthy, safe and  prosperous country.

                                                                                                                   


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