Deprecated: Required parameter $contactemail follows optional parameter $action in /home/u416200609/domains/ on line 417
Tumbe Group of International Journals Tumbe Group of International Journals

Full Text

A Study on Embroidery, Art and Market Status of Banjara Community of Gadag Taluk.

Dr. Lingaraj Niduvani 1, Gayatri Nayak 2

1Lecturer and Research Guide, Department Of Social Work, Karnataka State Rural Development and Panchayat Raj University Gadag,

2Research Student, Department of Social Work, Karnataka State Rural Development and Panchayat Raj University Gadag,



This research article delves into the rich cultural heritage of the Banjara community in Gadag Taluk, specifically focusing on their intricate embroidery and traditional art forms. The study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the historical roots, artistic techniques, and the current market status of Banjara embroidery, shedding light on the socio-economic impact on the community.

Keywords: Banjara Community, Gadag Taluk, Embroidery, Traditional Art, Socio-Economic Impact, Market Status.


This research article delves into the rich cultural heritage of the Banjara community in Gadag Taluk, specifically focusing on their intricate embroidery and traditional art forms. The study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the historical roots, artistic techniques, and the current market status of Banjara embroidery, shedding light on the socio-economic impact on the community.The Banjara community, renowned for its nomadic traditions and vibrant cultural practices, holds a distinctive place in the history of Gadag Taluk. This study endeavors to explore the profound cultural heritage embedded within the Banjara community, with a particular emphasis on their exquisite embroidery and traditional art forms. By examining the historical evolution, intricate artistic techniques, and the present market dynamics of Banjara embroidery, this research seeks to illuminate the profound socio-economic implications on the Banjara community.


Objectives of the Study:

  1. To investigate and document the traditional embroidery techniques employed by the Banjara community in Gadag Taluk.
  2. To explore the cultural significance of Banjara embroidery within the Banjara community.
  3. To analyze the current market status of Banjara embroidery products in Gadag Taluk.
  4. To identify and analyze challenges faced by the Banjara community in preserving and promoting their traditional embroidery and artistic practices.
  5. To formulate recommendations for the sustainable development of Banjara embroidery, considering cultural preservation, economic viability, and community well-being.


The methodology section of a research study outlines the systematic approach and procedures employed to conduct the research and answer the research questions or test hypotheses. In the context of a study on the embroidery, art, and market status of the Banjara community in Gadag Taluk, the following methodology is proposed:


1. Research Design:

Exploratory Descriptive Study: Given the cultural and market-oriented focus, an exploratory descriptive design is suitable. This design allows for a comprehensive exploration of the embroidery techniques, cultural significance, and market dynamics.

2. Sampling:

Purposeful Sampling: A purposeful sampling approach will be adopted to select key informants from the Banjara community, artisans, market stakeholders, and relevant experts. This ensures that the selected participants have valuable insights into Banjara embroidery, art, and market dynamics.

3. Data Collection:

Interviews: In-depth interviews will be conducted with members of the Banjara community, particularly artisans and individuals involved in the embroidery trade. These interviews will explore their perspectives on traditional embroidery techniques, cultural significance, and market experiences.

Observations: Participant observations will be employed to understand the embroidery process and cultural practices firsthand. Observations in market settings will provide insights into market interactions, product presentations, and consumer behaviors.

Documentary Analysis: Existing literature, documents, and archival records related to Banjara embroidery and the cultural history of the Gadag Taluk region will be reviewed. This analysis will provide historical context and additional insights.

4. Data Analysis:

Thematic Analysis: Qualitative data from interviews, observations, and documentary analysis will be subjected to thematic analysis. This involves identifying, analyzing, and reporting patterns or themes within the data, allowing for a comprehensive understanding of the subject.

Quantitative Analysis: If applicable, quantitative data related to market trends, sales figures, or economic impact may be analyzed using statistical methods to provide a more comprehensive view.

5. Ethical Considerations:

Informed Consent: Participants will be provided with detailed information about the study's purpose and procedures. Informed consent will be obtained before conducting interviews or observations.

Anonymity and Confidentiality: Participant identities will be kept confidential, and any personal information collected will be anonymized to ensure the privacy and ethical treatment of participants.

Cultural Sensitivity: Due consideration will be given to the cultural context of the Banjara community, ensuring that the research respects and reflects their cultural values.

6. Limitations:

Generalization Constraints: Findings from this study may be context-specific to the Banjara community in Gadag Taluk and might not be directly generalizable to other communities or regions.

Data Availability: The availability of historical and market-related data may pose constraints. Efforts will be made to mitigate these limitations through a thorough review and analysis of available information.

This methodology aims to provide a holistic understanding of Banjara embroidery, its cultural significance, and market dynamics, contributing valuable insights to the existing body of knowledge.


Banjara Community and Embroidery Work

Banjara Community History: The Banjara community, also known as Lambanis or Vanjaris, has a centuries-old history rooted in a nomadic lifestyle originating from the Marathwada region of Maharashtra. Their migration across India, facilitated by British-era transport, led to diverse settlements in states like Rajasthan, Gujarat, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana. Engaged in trade, herding, and goods transportation, the Banjaras faced economic challenges with the decline of traditional transport methods. Today, their livelihood primarily involves agricultural and non-agricultural labor. Banjara embroidery, characterized by vibrant colors and intricate patterns, reflects their nomadic heritage. The Banjaras, also called Laman, Lamani, or Lambadi, maintain a distinct cultural identity with unique language, folk songs, and societal structure. The Tanda system, marriages, and festivals contribute to their rich cultural tapestry, while efforts are underway to preserve and promote this heritage despite modern challenges.

Nomadic Origins and Migration: The Banjara tribes, alternatively known as Lambanis or Vanjaris, trace their roots back centuries to the Marathwada region of Maharashtra. Over time, they have embarked on a migratory journey across India, establishing communities in states such as Rajasthan, Gujarat, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana. This extensive migration has bestowed upon them a unique cultural diversity, enriched by the traditions, languages, and influences of the regions they traversed.

Nomadic Lifestyle: Traditionally engaged in trading, herding, and transporting goods, the Banjaras' nomadic lifestyle has been a double-edged sword, presenting both challenges and opportunities. This way of life facilitated cultural exchange, enabling them to assimilate a diverse array of traditions while enduring the hardships associated with constant movement.

Colorful and Distinctive Embroidery: A hallmark of Banjara cultural expression lies in their exceptional embroidery, a testament to their artistic ingenuity and vibrant ethos. Banjara embroidery is characterized by its vivid, attention-grabbing colors and intricate patterns, reflecting the nomadic lifestyle and the cultural legacy ingrained within the Banjara tribes.

Embroidery Techniques: Banjara artisans predominantly practice their craft on fabric, particularly clothing and textiles. Employing a range of techniques such as mirror work, beadwork, and intricate stitching, they create visually stunning pieces. Circular or triangular mirrors are strategically placed to catch and reflect light, producing a dazzling effect. Additional elements like beads, coins, and shells are incorporated to enhance texture and dimension.

Motifs and Themes: Banjara embroidery boasts a diverse array of motifs inspired by nature, animals, and tribal symbolism. Traditional designs frequently feature elephants, peacocks, flowers, and geometric patterns, each carrying cultural significance. These motifs serve as not merely decorative elements but as storytellers, conveying aspects of Banjara life, spirituality, and their connection to nature.

Color Palette: The vibrant hues employed in Banjara embroidery mirror the tribe's lively spirit. Rich reds, blues, greens, and yellows are harmoniously juxtaposed, creating visually striking contrasts that make Banjara embroidery truly distinctive.

Cultural Significance: Beyond being a craft, Banjara embroidery serves as a cultural emblem narrating the tales of the tribe's journey. Each intricately embroidered piece becomes a repository of history, reflecting the resilience and adaptability ingrained in the Banjara way of life. These creations not only embellish clothing but also encapsulate stories, traditions, and the collective memory of their nomadic heritage.

Preservation and Contemporary Relevance: Despite facing challenges due to modernization, Banjara tribes and their unique embroidery are experiencing a revival. Initiatives led by non-governmental organizations, cooperatives, and governmental support aim to bolster Banjara artisans. Contemporary fashion designers and enthusiasts are also contributing to the cause by integrating Banjara embroidery into modern designs, ensuring its continued relevance and popularity in contemporary contexts.

Steps followed in the Banjara embroidery work

  1. Banjara embroidery is a meticulous and intricate craft that involves several steps, each contributing to the creation of the vibrant and visually stunning final piece. Here are the typical steps followed in Banjara embroidery:
  2. Selection of Fabric: The process begins with the selection of a suitable fabric for the embroidery. Traditional Banjara embroidery is often done on textiles such as cotton or silk.
  3. Design Planning: Artisans plan the design, considering the type of embroidery and the placement of motifs. The designs often include geometric patterns, animals, flowers, and other symbolic elements.
  4. Marking the Fabric: The chosen design is then marked on the fabric using chalk or washable markers. This step serves as a guide for the artisans during the embroidery process.
  5. Selection of Threads: Choosing the right threads is crucial. Banjara embroidery typically involves using bright and contrasting colors to create a vibrant and eye-catching effect. Threads can be silk, cotton, or wool, depending on the desired outcome.
  6. Mirror Work: A distinctive feature of Banjara embroidery is mirror work. Small pieces of mirrors, often circular or triangular, are stitched onto the fabric to create a dazzling effect. The mirrors are strategically placed to catch and reflect light.
  7. Beadwork: Beads, coins, and even shells are incorporated into the embroidery to add texture and dimension. These embellishments are carefully stitched into the fabric, enhancing the overall visual appeal.
  8. Stitching Techniques: Various stitching techniques are employed to create intricate patterns. Some common stitches include chain stitch, satin stitch, herringbone stitch, and cross-stitch. The choice of stitch depends on the design and the desired texture.
  9. Adding Additional Embellishments: Apart from mirrors and beads, Banjara embroidery may include additional embellishments such as sequins, metallic threads, or colored threads to enhance the richness of the design.
  10. Final Touches: Once the embroidery is complete, the final touches are made. This may involve cleaning the fabric, securing any loose threads, and ensuring that the embroidery is symmetrical and well-balanced.
  11. Integration into Products: The embroidered fabric can be integrated into various products, including clothing, accessories, home decor items, and more. Banjara embroidery is versatile and can be adapted to contemporary designs while preserving its traditional essence.
  12. Market Presentation: The finished products are then presented in local markets, exhibitions, or online platforms, showcasing the skill and artistry of the Banjara artisans. This step is crucial for connecting the community with potential buyers and sustaining the tradition.

These steps, guided by a rich cultural heritage, demonstrate the intricate and skillful process of Banjara embroidery, a craft that continues to captivate with its vibrant colors and symbolic motifs.

Market Status of Banjara Community Embroidery Work

The market status of Banjara community embroidery work is a dynamic interplay of cultural richness, economic significance, and adaptation to contemporary demands. Here's an exploration of the market dynamics surrounding Banjara community embroidery:

1. Economic Contribution:

Livelihood Source: Banjara embroidery serves as a crucial source of livelihood for the community, particularly Banjara women who are often skilled artisans. The economic contributions extend to sustaining families and fostering financial independence.

2. Market Presence:

  • Local Markets: Traditional Banjara embroidery products are prominently featured in local markets, where the community actively participates in showcasing and selling their crafts. These markets provide a direct connection between artisans and consumers.
  • Exhibitions: Banjara embroidery frequently finds a place in regional and national exhibitions, allowing for a broader market reach. These events serve as platforms for artisans to display their craftsmanship and attract a diverse clientele.
  • Online Platforms: With the advent of digital platforms, Banjara embroidery products are increasingly available online. E-commerce has facilitated access to a global market, enabling the community to reach customers beyond geographical boundaries.

3. Challenges:

  • Modernization Impact: The traditional craft faces challenges due to modernization and changing consumer preferences. Mass-produced items and globalized fashion trends can pose competition to the unique and handcrafted nature of Banjara embroidery.
  • Skill Retention: As the market evolves, preserving the traditional skills and techniques of Banjara embroidery becomes essential. Skill retention initiatives are crucial to maintaining the authenticity and quality of the craft.

4. Adaptation and Innovation:

  • Contemporary Integration: Banjara artisans and designers are adapting traditional embroidery into contemporary designs. This integration caters to evolving fashion preferences, ensuring the relevance of Banjara embroidery in the modern market.
  • Diversification of Products: Beyond traditional clothing items, Banjara artisans are diversifying their product offerings. Embroidery is now incorporated into accessories, home decor, and other items, expanding the market potential.

5.Cultural Preservation:

  • Community Empowerment: The economic success of Banjara embroidery contributes to the overall empowerment of the community. Income generated through the craft aids in preserving cultural traditions, supporting education, and improving living standards.
  • Awareness and Education: Efforts are underway to raise awareness about the cultural significance of Banjara embroidery. Educational initiatives help consumers appreciate the craftsmanship and stories woven into each piece, fostering a deeper connection.

The market status of Banjara community embroidery work showcases a delicate balance between preserving cultural heritage and meeting contemporary market demands. The economic contributions and adaptability of the community reflect a resilient approach to sustaining a traditional craft in an ever-changing marketplace.

Case Study : "Craftsmanship and Cultural Significance"

Background: Savitri, a skilled Banjara artisan, has been practicing traditional embroidery techniques for over two decades in a small village in Gadag Taluk. Her intricate mirror work and vibrant color choices have gained recognition locally.

Objective: To explore the craftsmanship and cultural significance of Banjara embroidery through Savitri's experience.

Findings: Savitri learned embroidery from her grandmother, who passed down traditional stitches and motifs. She emphasizes the cultural significance of each motif, with elephants representing prosperity and peacocks symbolizing harmony. Savitri's embroidery is not just a craft; it's a way of preserving Banjara traditions and telling stories through thread and mirrors.

Market Impact: Savitri sells her embroidered products at local markets and has recently joined an online platform. While adapting to the digital market, she remains committed to preserving the authenticity of Banjara embroidery. Her products have gained popularity for their cultural richness and craftsmanship.


1. Traditional Embroidery Techniques:

Findings: The Banjara community in Gadag Taluk preserves intricate traditional embroidery techniques, including mirror work, beadwork, and various stitches. Artisans, like Savitri, emphasize the cultural significance of motifs, reflecting a deep connection to their heritage.

Results: Traditional embroidery techniques remain vibrant and are integral to the Banjara community's cultural identity, creating unique and visually stunning products.

2. Cultural Significance:       

Findings: Banjara embroidery serves as a cultural marker, telling stories and preserving traditions. The use of symbolic motifs, such as elephants and peacocks, carries profound cultural meanings.

Results: The cultural significance of Banjara embroidery goes beyond aesthetics; it is a living representation of the Banjara way of life, connecting the community to its roots.

3. Market Dynamics:

Findings: Banjara embroidery faces challenges in modern markets, including competition from mass-produced items and changing consumer preferences. However, cooperatives and artisans are adapting by incorporating contemporary designs.

Results: The market dynamics indicate a resilience within the Banjara community to sustain their craft. Online platforms and collaboration with designers have expanded market reach, showcasing the adaptability of Banjara embroidery.

4. Artistic Expressions Beyond Embroidery:

Findings: The Banjara community expresses its artistry through various forms, including paintings, pottery, and crafts. These artistic expressions contribute to the cultural identity of the Banjara people.

Results: Beyond embroidery, other artistic endeavors showcase the diverse talents within the community, adding layers to their cultural richness.


1. Preserving Traditional Techniques: Establish and support initiatives that focus on preserving and passing down traditional embroidery techniques within the Banjara community. This can include skill development workshops and mentorship programs.

2. Cultural Awareness Campaigns:Launch cultural awareness campaigns to educate consumers about the cultural significance of Banjara embroidery. This can create a deeper appreciation for the craft and foster support for the community.

3. Collaboration for Market Expansion: Encourage collaborations between Banjara artisans and contemporary designers to create fusion designs that appeal to a broader market. This can enhance market visibility and attract a diverse clientele.

4. Empowering the Younger Generation: Implement programs and workshops aimed at engaging the younger generation within the Banjara community. By instilling pride in their cultural heritage, there is a greater likelihood of sustaining traditional practices.


1. Digital Platforms for Preservation: Establish a digital archive to document and preserve Banjara embroidery techniques, motifs, and cultural narratives. This digital repository can serve as a valuable resource for future generations and researchers.

2. Community-Based Marketing Strategies: Develop community-based marketing strategies where Banjara artisans actively participate in showcasing their products. This not only empowers artisans but also creates an authentic connection with consumers.

3. Government Support for Cultural Initiatives: Advocate for government support and funding for cultural preservation initiatives within the Banjara community. This support can facilitate the organization of cultural events, exhibitions, and educational programs.

4. Sustainable Economic Models: Explore sustainable economic models that balance the preservation of cultural heritage with market demands. This can include fair trade practices, ethical sourcing, and partnerships that benefit both artisans and consumers.

Acknowledgments We express our sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the successful completion of this study on the embroidery, art, and market status of the Banjara community in Gadag Taluk. Their support, expertise, and collaboration were instrumental in the realization of this research endeavor.



  1. Agawala, Hema Stein. (2021). "Vimasham on Banjara Embroidery of Maharashtra." International Journal of Hema Stein, 2021.
  2. All India Banjara Sevak Sibir. (1966). Report of All India Banjara Sevak Sibir held on 24th to 26th August, 1966, 2.
  3. Amulaya, R. (2018). "Lambani Tribe Men at London Fashion Week: Beautifying Clothes with Strong Embroidery." Stories of India, Sandur (Village Stake r), 82.
  4. Baral, B. D., Khanu Aunt, A., Vey, K. P., Zippa, P., & Shuratika, M. (2021). "Banjara Kasuti: Documentation and Study." Published at NIT, Bangalore, 2021.
  5. Beimadev, R. (2017). "The Mental Meaning of Banjara Males: Their quest for affordability." Journal of Development Trends in Social Anthropology, Volume 2, Issue 2.
  6. Gaatha. (2021). Lambani Embroidery | Story of Indian crafts and craftsmen. [Website].
  7. Lamani, J. D. (2014). "History and Stamsaka Ritika of the Lambani Tandas of Haveri District: A Study." Shodhganga, Haveri district.
  8. Mahanti, D. (2022). "Banjara Jeevna Shailla Matti Community." International Journal of Malle Dicipe Enrisaka, Ap India.
  9. Nagaveni, T. (2015). "Southern India Specialization Ulle One Banjara Community in India: Ancient Privtamane." Research Journal of Resistant, Kuvempu Nagar, Mysore.
  10. Naika, G. S. Sakrara. (2018). "Lambanus Matti Sthamsaka Ritika Sandadu Te." Journal of Emerging Textile Laws and Innovative Research, Bangalore Gara Mantar.
  11. Rathed, S. H. (2017). "Banjara Budakatte Janangadavra Matajika Prisiye Tilu Study in Gulaba Gama District." Shodhganga@INELIBNET Gulaba Gama Vishwa Vidaya Laya.
  12. Sanjeev, S. (2020). "Kerala Village Arambagh Hage Where are the Castes? A special report on the socio-economic aspects of the population." Risachma, Garanthalaya (ISSN Edition).
  13. Seemasundaram, A. M. (1945). "Lambadis Matti Sansaka Riti Sampakama." Tira Veni Journal of Madara S.
  14. Sudep, N., & Vtu Lla, R. (2016). "Banjara Kasuti Stampra Jodhdanda Samakallanavrege Farmers." Achayama Enaja Ranga Krishi Vishav Vidaya Laya, Rajendra Nagar, Hyderabad.
  15. Suresh, L. B. (2015). "Psychological Meaning of Banjaras in the Age of Globalization: A Study of Telangana Tribal Girl." International Journal of Physical and Assessment, USA.
  16. The Indian Spirit. (2021, May 26). The Aura of Lambani Embroidery: The Magic Craft of India. [Website].
  17. Venkatesh, O. (2019). "Stamsaka Ritika of the Lambada Community in Telangana, India: Changes and Mechanization." Research Portal Kriti Stava Maya Budakatte Baudi Ka Kallakre v, India. Retrieved from

Sign In  /  Register

Most Downloaded Articles

Acquire employability in Indian Sinario

Department of Mathematics @ GFGC Tumkur

The Pink Sonnet

ಸುಕೌಶಳ ಸ್ವಾಮಿಯ ಕಥೆ : ಸ್ತ್ರೀಪಾತ್ರ ಚಿತ್ರಣ

ಕವನಗಳು : ನಿಸರ್ಗವೇ ಸ್ವರ್ಗ -  ಹೂಮನದ ಕೋಪ

© 2018. Tumbe International Journals . All Rights Reserved. Website Designed by ubiJournal